肖小溪,甘泉,蒋芳,陈捷,李晓轩.“融合科学”新范式及其对开放数据的要求[J].中国科学院院刊,2020,(1):3-10.

“融合科学”新范式及其对开放数据的要求

Convergence Science as a New Paradigm and Its Requirement for Open Data
作者
肖小溪
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
XIAO Xiaoxi
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
甘泉
中国科学院发展规划局 北京 100864
GAN Quan
Bureau of Development Planning, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
蒋芳
中国科学院发展规划局 北京 100864
JIANG Fang
Bureau of Development Planning, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
陈捷
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
CHEN Jie
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
李晓轩
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049
LI Xiaoxuan
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中文关键词
         融合科学;开放数据;新范式
英文关键词
        convergence science;open data;new paradigm
中文摘要
        “融合科学”是一种基于多学科融合来解决重大问题的科研新范式,被认为是人类解决重大经济社会问题的新机遇。推动“融合科学”意味着科研生态的根本性变革,其中一个最基础的方面是数据开放共享。文章总结了“融合科学”作为一种新科研范式的基本特征,提出了“融合科学”在基础数据方面的全学科、全流程和全景式等新要求,分析了数据开放共享支撑“融合科学”的成功实践,并展望了以开放数据推进实现“融合科学”的未来图景。
英文摘要
        “Convergence Science” is a new paradigm of scientific research based on multi-disciplinary integration to solve grand problems, which is considered as a new opportunity for human beings to address major economic and social problems. Promoting “Convergence Science” means the fundamental change of scientific research ecology, one of the most basic aspects is the open sharing of data. Based on the basic characteristics of “Convergence Science” as a new paradigm of scientific research, this study puts forward new requirements of “Convergence Science” in terms of basic data, such as the whole disciplines, the whole processes and the full panorama, and then introduces the successful practice of open data supporting “Convergence Science”. Finally, it looks forward to the future prospect of promoting “Convergence Science” with “open data”.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20191216003
作者简介
肖小溪 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院助理研究员。主要研究领域:科技管理与评价。2014年毕业于中国科学院大学,获得管理科学与工程专业博士学位。近年来主要承担来自中国科学院、国家自然科学基金委员会等的科研课题。围绕科技评价、科技政策等主题在国内核心期刊发表学术论文10余篇。
E-mail:xiaoxiaoxi@casisd.cn
XIAO Xiaoxi Assistant researcher at Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).Her main research fields cover science and technology management and evaluation.In 2014,she graduated from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and obtained a doctor's degree in management science and engineering.In recent years,she has mainly undertaken research funds from CAS,the National Natural Science Foundation of China,the Science and Technology Commission of the Military Commission,and published more than ten academic papers in domestic core journals focusing on science and technology evaluation,science and technology policy and other topics.
E-mail:xiaoxiaoxi@casisd.cn
李晓轩 中国科学院管理创新与评估研究中心主任,中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院研究员,博士生导师。现任北京市政协委员。主要研究领域为科研管理,涉及科技评价、科技人力资源管理、科研经费管理等研究方向。长期从事政府科技管理与政策方面的决策支撑研究工作,近年来主要承担来自中国科学院、国家发展和改革委员会、财政部、科学技术部、国家自然科学基金委员会等重要科研课题。撰写了大量研究报告和研究论文。
E-mail:xiaoxuan@casisd.cn
LI Xiaoxuan Director of the Evaluation Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),Professor and doctoral supervisor of Institutes of Science and Development,CAS.Member of Beijing Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.His research area focuses on scientific research management,including research evaluation,human resource management,and research funding management.In recent years,he has mainly undertaken important scientific research projects from CAS,the National Development and Reform Commission,the Ministry of Finance,the Ministry of Science and Technology,National Natural Science Foundation of China,and so on.He has published many papers in domestic and international journals in management innovation and evaluation area.
E-mail:xiaoxuan@casisd.cn
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