王焕刚,张程,聂常虹.我国扶贫政策演进历程与农村社会的多维度变迁:分析与启示[J].中国科学院院刊,2021,36(7):787-796.

我国扶贫政策演进历程与农村社会的多维度变迁:分析与启示

Evolution of China's Poverty Alleviation Policy and Multidimensional Changes of Rural Society: Analysis and Enlightenment
作者
王焕刚1
中国科学院大学 经济与管理学院 北京 100190
WANG Huangang1
School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
张程2
中央财经大学 财政税务学院 北京 100081
ZHANG Cheng2
School of Finance and Taxation, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
聂常虹1,3*
中国科学院大学 经济与管理学院 北京 100190;1 中国科学院大学 经济与管理学院 北京 100190
NIE Changhong1,3*
School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;1 School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
中文关键词
         扶贫政策;贫困治理;政策效力;多维变迁
英文关键词
        poverty alleviation policy;poverty governance;policy effectiveness;multidimensional changes
中文摘要
        2020年,我国历史性消除了绝对贫困现象,在增进人民福祉的同时也积累了宝贵的贫困治理经验。站在新的历史起点上,有必要对我国扶贫实践进行解构,同时回顾我国农村贫困地区社会的多维变迁历程,以挖掘我国扶贫实践中的重要经验。文章首先从横向和纵向两个层面梳理了我国扶贫政策的演进特征,并从政策密度和政策强度两个方面对扶贫政策进行量化分析,计算得到我国扶贫政策的累计效力;最后,选择若干能够衡量农村社会多维变迁的指标分析农村社会多维变迁与扶贫政策累计效力的相关性。研究发现,扶贫政策累计效力与农村地区贫困发生率具有显著的负相关关系,与基础设施建设条件、社会公共服务水平、农村贫困地区居民生活水平之间具有显著的正相关关系。
英文摘要
        In 2020, China has historically eliminated absolute poverty. While improving the well-being of the people, it has also accumulated valuable experience in poverty governance. Standing at a new historical starting point, it is necessary to analysis the practice of poverty alleviation in China, and at the same time review the multi-dimensional social changes in the poverty-stricken rural areas of our country. In order to tap the important experience in the practice of poverty alleviation in China, this study first combs the evolution characteristics of China's poverty alleviation policies from both horizontal and vertical levels, quantitatively analyzes poverty alleviation policies from two aspects of policy density and policy intensity, and calculates the cumulative effectiveness of China's poverty alleviation policies. Finally, selecting a number of indicators that can be measure the multi-dimensional changes in rural society to analyze the correlation between the multi-dimensional changes in rural society and the cumulative effectiveness of poverty alleviation policies. The study found that the cumulative effectiveness of poverty alleviation policies has a significant negative correlation with the incidence of poverty in rural areas, and a significant positive correlation with infrastructure construction conditions, the level of social public services, and the living standards of residents in poor rural areas.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20210406003
作者简介
王焕刚 中国科学院大学经济与管理学院博士研究生。研究方向为宏观经济管理。参与多项国家自然科学基金委员会、财政部、科学技术部项目,发表论文3篇,出版专著1部。
E-mail:wanghuangang18@mails.ucas.ac.cn
WANG Huangang Doctoral candidate at School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, majoring in macroeconomics management. He has participated in several projects sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Science and Technology, and he has published 3 papers and 1 monograph.
E-mail:wanghuangang18@mails.ucas.ac.cn
聂常虹 中国科学院动物研究所党委书记、副所长,中国科学院大学研究员、博士生导师,中国科学院大学中国政府和社会资本合作(PPP)研究中心学术委员会副主任,中华人民共和国联合国教科文组织全国委员会咨询专家,全国知识管理标准化技术委员会委员,中国科学院作家协会副主席。研究领域为科技财政、科技金融、科技成果转化、宏观经济与产业政策等,主持财政部、国家发展和改革委员会、国家自然科学基金委员会等部委多项重点课题, 10余篇论文或研究报告获部级一等奖或二等奖。在《新华文摘》《人民日报》《人民日报内参》《管理评论》《宏观经济研究》《财政研究》和Journal of Systems Science and Complexity等核心期刊及SCI期刊发表学术论文50余篇,出版合著4部,专著2部。
E-mail:chnie@ioz.ac.cn
NIE Changhong Deputy Director of Institute of Zoology (IOZ), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Researcher and Ph.D. Supervisor at University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), Deputy Chair of Academic Committee of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) Research Center, UCAS, Consultant Expert of National Commission of the People's Republic of China for UNESCO, member of the National Knowledge Management Standardization Technical Committee, and Deputy Chair of Writers Association, CAS. She is mainly engaged in the research of science and technology finance, transformation of scientific and technological achievements, macroeconomics, and industrial policies. She has presided over several projects of the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. More than 10 of her papers or official documents have won the first prize or second prize of Ministry level, more than 50 of her academic papers have been published in SCI indexed journals or core journals such as Xinhua Digest, People's Daily, Management Review, Macroeconomics Research, Public Finance Research, and Journal of Systems Science and Complexity. She has also authored 2 monographs and co-authored 4 other monographs.
E-mail:chnie@ioz.ac.cn
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