张冬梅,刘晓鸣,刘禹,徐雁龙.构建青少年创新素质测评与训练新模式[J].中国科学院院刊,2021,36(7):779-786.

构建青少年创新素质测评与训练新模式

Construct New Pattern of Evaluating and Training Youngsters' Creativity
作者
张冬梅1
中国科学院自动化研究所 北京 100190
ZHANG Dongmei1
Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
刘晓鸣1
中国科学院自动化研究所 北京 100190
LIU Xiaoming1
Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
刘禹1
中国科学院自动化研究所 北京 100190
LIU Yu1
Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
徐雁龙2,3*
中国科技出版传媒集团有限公司 北京 100717;1 中国科学院自动化研究所 北京 100190
XU Yanlong2,3*
China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd., Beijing 100717, China;1 Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
中文关键词
         教育评价改革;创新素质培养;青少年;心理发育;认知能力
英文关键词
        educational assessment reform;innovative quality training;adolescents;psychological development;cognitive ability
中文摘要
        我国已经成功实现了第一个百年奋斗目标,目前正在接受基础教育的青少年是我国实现第二个百年目标所依靠的重要力量,是支撑中国创新发展、参与国际竞争的核心人才储备。因此,迫切需要加快推进我国青少年创新素质教育,开创一种科学化培养和选拔人才的创新素质培养模式。文章通过对国内外创新素质培养与测评现状的分析,基于脑科学认知理论,结合心理学量化测评技术,提出了一种创新素质测评与训练的新模式,旨在改变传统评价体系,推动我国青少年创新素质培养。据此模式设计开发的素质测评范式和工具集,已在面向青少年的培养测评中得到实际检验,并将在未来的创新人才培养中进行更为深入地探索。最后,文章针对我国青少年创新人才培养,建议主要从创新素质最为核心的心理个性(创新人格)和认知能力(创新能力)两个方面进行测评和培养。
英文摘要
        The core talents who support China's innovative development and participate in international competition, on which the realization of the two centennial goals depends, are currently receiving basic education. Therefore, there is an urgent need to accelerate the innovation quality education for adolescents, and establish a scientific model of innovation quality training for cultivation and selection of talents. Through the analysis of the current situation of innovation quality cultivation and assessment both in China and in the world, this study proposes a new model of innovation quality assessment and training based on the cognitive theory of brain science, combined with the quantitative assessment technology of psychology, aiming to change the traditional evaluation system and promote the innovation quality cultivation of Chinese youth. The quality assessment paradigm and tool set designed and developed according to this model have been tested in practice in the training and assessment of adolescents, and will be explored more deeply in the cultivation of innovative talents in the future. It is suggested that the evaluation and cultivation should be carried out mainly from the psychological personality (innovative personality) and cognitive ability (innovative ability) which are the core of innovative quality.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20210526002
作者简介
张冬梅 中国科学院自动化研究所科普办公室主任、高级工程师。中国科学院智能科学与技术科普联盟秘书长。主要从事科学传播实践与科学教育。曾获"全国科普工作先进工作者"称号、"全民科学素质行动计划纲要实施计划"先进个人称号,以及吴文俊人工智能科技进步奖二等奖。
E-mail:dongmei.zhang@ia.ac.cn
ZHANG Dongmei Senior Engineer, Director of the Science Popularization Office in Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). She is also the secretary-general of the SecretaryGeneral of the Science and Technology Popularization Alliance. She is mainly engaged in science communication and education. In 2020, she won the title of National Advanced Worker in Popular Science. In 2016, she was awarded the honorary title of Advanced Individual in the National Scientific Literacy Action Plan Project. In 2012, she was awarded second prize of Wu Wen Jun AI Science & Technology Award.
E-mail:dongmei.zhang@ia.ac.cn
徐雁龙 中国科技出版传媒集团有限公司纪委书记、监事会主席。主要从事科学传播具体实践,并开展科学技术哲学相关研究。
E-mail:ylxu@cashq.ac.cn
XU Yanlong Commission for Discipline Inspection, Chairman of Supervisory Board of China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd., mainly engages in the practice of science communication and the related research of philosophy of science and technology.
E-mail:ylxu@cashq.ac.cn
微信关注公众号