裴新宁,郑太年.国际科学教育发展的对比研究——理念、主题与实践的革新[J].中国科学院院刊,2021,36(7):771-778.

国际科学教育发展的对比研究——理念、主题与实践的革新

Comparative Study on Development of Science Education Worldwide: Advance in Ideas, Themes and Practice
作者
裴新宁1,3†
华东师范大学 教育学部教师教育学院 上海 200062
PEI Xinning1,3†
College of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
郑太年2,3†
华东师范大学 教育学部国际与比较教育研究所 上海 200062
ZHENG Tainian2,3†
Institute of International and Comparative Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
中文关键词
         科学教育;青少年;科学素养;创新
英文关键词
        science education;K-12 students;science literacy;innovation
中文摘要
        科学教育的重要性不在于传递给学习者确定性的知识,而在于让他们学会把知识作为认知世界的方式,以应对世界的不确定性。21世纪国际科学教育发展以人类可持续发展为指向,以培育科学素养为目标,注重渗透科学本质教育,关注通过深度与连贯的课程搭建科学学习的“共同基础”,利用技术激发和融合科学教育创新,强调科学与人文的统一,发挥非正式学习的重要作用,并通过国际评估提升质量。对于科学教育及其重要性的新认识推动着国际科学教育的持续变革,这些趋势对于我国科学教育的战略转型具有启示意义。
英文摘要
        The importance of science education lies not in delivering factual knowledge to learners, but in using knowledge as a way for them to know the world and cope with the uncertainty. The development of science education worldwide in the 21st century presents the following themes:the sustainable development of human beings as the main context, cultivating scientific literacy as the goal, paying attention to understanding the nature of science, building a "common foundation" for science learning through in-depth and coherent curriculum, using information technology to stimulate and integrate science education innovation, emphasizing the unity of science and humanities, giving full play to informal learning, and improving quality through international assessment programs. The advance in understanding science education and its importance is pushing forward the continuous innovation in science education worldwide. The strategic transformation of science education in China can get informed from these trends.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20210517001
作者简介
裴新宁 华东师范大学教育学部教师教育学院教授、博士生导师,华东师范大学学习科学研究中心共同主任。研究方向为科学教育与传播、学习科学、课程与教学设计。
E-mail:xnpei@kcx.ecnu.edu.cn
PEI Xinning Research Professor of College of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, and the Co-director of Learning Sciences Center at East China Normal University. Prof. Pei's research interests include science education and communication, learning sciences, and design of curriculum and instruction.
E-mail:xnpei@kcx.ecnu.edu.cn
郑太年 华东师范大学教育学部国际与比较教育研究所教授、博士生导师。华东师范大学学习科学研究中心共同主任。主要研究方向:国际与比较教育、学习科学与教学设计。
E-mail:tnzheng@iice.ecnu.edu.cn
ZHENG Tainian Research Professor of the Institute of International and Comparative Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, and the Co-director of Learning Sciences Center at East China Normal University. Prof. Zheng's research interests include comparative education, learning sciences and instructional design.
E-mail:tnzheng@iice.ecnu.edu.cn
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