樊杰.面向中国空间治理现代化的科技强国适应策略[J].中国科学院院刊,2020,(5):564-575.

面向中国空间治理现代化的科技强国适应策略

Adaptative Strategy of Powerful Country of Science and Technology for Modernization of China's Space Governance
作者
樊杰
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院 北京 100049
FAN Jie
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中文关键词
         空间治理;可持续性;人地耦合;国土空间规划;统一地理学
英文关键词
        spatial governance;sustainability;human-nature coupling;spatial planning;unified geography
中文摘要
        空间治理是我国治理体系中相对薄弱的领域,也是生态文明建设中的一个重要领域。在科技支撑空间治理中存在的自然科学与社会科学分割、数据共建共享机制不健全、科学研究与决策管理脱节等问题,严重地阻碍着治理体系现代化的需求。在科技强国建设中,面向中国空间治理现代化的适应策略的形成,对中国实现从小康社会迈向现代化社会的转型和提升中国在全球治理体系中的水平具有重要意义。文章在讨论空间治理对象的复杂化、政府决策管理的科学化,以及科技服务社会发展的总体趋势的基础上,提出了理论创新、数据建设和知识应用为主体的面向空间治理的科技创新框架,系统讨论了重构统一地理学理论体系和夯实统一地理学数据基础两大问题。
英文摘要
        As an important field in the construction of ecological civilization, spatial governance is a relatively weak field in China's governance system. In the past 40 years of rapid economic development, unbalanced regional development, disharmony between nature and society, and disordered spatial structure have become prominent problems. In the support of space governance, science and technology have problems such as the division of natural sciences and social sciences, the imperfect data co-construction and sharing mechanism, and the disconnection of scientific research and decision-making management, which seriously hinders the need for the modernization of governance systems. The formation of an adapting strategy for the modernization of China's space governance by a technologically powerful country is of great significance for China to realize the transition from a well-off society to a modern society, and for China to improve its level in the global governance system. On the basis of discussing the complexity of space governance objects, the scientization of government decision-making and management, and the general trend of science and technology serving social development, this study proposes a new framework of science and technology innovation oriented to space governance, which is dominated by theoretical innovation, data construction, and knowledge application. Combined with the analysis of innovative key scientific issues, focusing on the needs of the whole process of territorial planning with determining the planning objectives, applying analytical methods, developing layout plans, improving the control system, supporting safeguard measures, implementing dynamic management, etc., this study systematically discusses the two major issues of developing a unified geographic theory system and data foundation. Among them, the main points of the theoretical system include: the comprehensive equilibrium theory of space, the coupling mechanism of natural and social systems, the evolution law of regional function-spatial structure, the spatial interaction relationship, the spatial governance mechanism, and the reverse decoupling principle of geographical process-geographical pattern.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20200502001
作者简介
樊杰 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所、中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院研究员,中国科学院大学资源与环境学院教授。长期从事人文与经济地理学、区域可持续发展过程与格局、主体功能区划与空间治理体系等研究。中国城市规划学会副理事长,中国地理学会国土空间规划分会主任、《经济地理》主编。兼任全国“十四五”规划专家委员会委员,全国国土空间规划专家组成员,住房建设部人居环境专委会副主任委员,法国地理学会荣誉会士。承担第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究任务、中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)、国家自然科学基金重点项目等研究任务。发表学术论文近300篇,出版专著近30部。曾获中国科学院杰出科技成就奖。
E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
FAN Jie Doctor, Researcher at the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Professor at College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has long been engaged in the research of human and economic geography, the process and pattern of regional sustainable development, the regionalization of main function and the spatial governance system. He is hosting or co-hosting a number of major research projects, e.g., “Function and System Optimization of Ecological Security Barrier” in the Second Comprehensive Scientific Expedition to the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, “Regional Green Development Plan” in the “Pan-Third-Pole Environmental Change and Green Silk Road” project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Strategy Priority Research Program (Category A), and “Regional Function and Comprehensive Geographical Regionalization” of National Natural Science Foundation of China key projects. He has published nearly 30 monographs and 300 papers in academic journals such as Earth Future, Chinese Science Bulletin and Acta Geographica Sinica. He was awarded the Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Prize of CAS. He is serving as Vice Chairman of Urban Planning Society of China, Director of Territorial Space Planning Branch of the Geographical Society of China, Editor-in-Chief of Economic Geography, member of National 14th Five-Year Plan Expert Committee, member of the National Expert Group on Territorial Space Planning, Vice Chairman of the National Special Committee on Human Settlements Environment, and honorary member of the French Geographical Society.
E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
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