潘教峰,万劲波.构建现代化强国的十大新型基础设施[J].中国科学院院刊,2020,(5):545-554.

构建现代化强国的十大新型基础设施

Building Ten Types of New Infrastructure System for a Great Modern Power
作者
潘教峰
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100090
PAN Jiaofeng
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
万劲波
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100090;中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049
WAN Jinbo
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中文关键词
         新型基础设施;现代化强国;体系;结构
英文关键词
        new infrastructure;great modern power;system;structure
中文摘要
        从历史发展的角度,分析了基础设施的内涵演进与体系构成;以基础设施的代际飞跃为衡量,探讨了知识社会、智能社会新型基础设施的内涵与特征;从形式与内容2个维度,提出新型基础设施体系包括科技与数字化基础设施、基础设施升级、基础设施数字化和国家安全与治理基础设施;基于八大“经济社会基础和战略体系”,以及支撑科技创新和制度创新的两大基础体系,探讨了面向2050年现代化强国的十大新型基础设施体系构成与结构;立足当前,提出推进新型基础设施建设战略布局、投资计划、项目储备的政策建议。
英文摘要
        From the perspective of human historical development process, this study analyzes the connotation evolution and system composition of infrastructure. Measured by the intergenerational leap in infrastructure, this study discusses the connotation and characteristics of new infrastructure in the era of knowledge and intelligent society. From the two dimensions of form and content, the study also puts forward that the new infrastructure system includes technology and digital infrastructure, infrastructure upgrading, infrastructure digitalization, national security, and governance infrastructure in the next 30 years. Based on the eight “economic and social foundation and strategic systems” and two basic systems of “scientific and technological innovation and institutional innovation”, this study discusses the composition and structure of ten types of new infrastructure system for a great modern power by 2050. Finally, combined with the current situation, the study puts forward some policy suggestions to promote the construction of new infrastructure system for a great modern power from the three aspects of strategic layout, investment plan, and project reserve.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20200401003
作者简介
潘教峰 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院院长、研究员、博士生导师,国务院研究室-中国科学院共建的中国创新战略和政策研究中心共同主任。中国发展战略学研究会理事长,中国科学技术法学会副会长,中国科技评估与成果管理研究会副理事长,全国科技评估标准化技术委员会副主任委员,世界创新组织会士。“百千万人才工程”国家级人选,国家“有突出贡献中青年专家”。主要从事科技战略规划、创新政策和智库理论方法研究。原创性提出智库研究基本逻辑体系和DIIS研究方法。主持过50余项国家级决策咨询、规划、政策和战略研究课题,取得了一批有影响的重大决策咨询成果和理论成果。主笔的研究报告、政策建议和学术文章200余篇,合著和主编专著10余部。
E-mail:jfpan@casisd.cn
PAN Jiaofeng Professor, Doctorial Supervisor, President of the Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASISD), Co-director of China Innovation Strategy and Policy Research Center funded by Research Office of the State Council and CAS, Chairman of the Chinese Association of Development Strategy Studies, Vice President of China Law Association on Science and Technology, Vice Chairman of China Association of Scientific and Technological Achievements Management, Vice Chair of National Technical Committee on Science and Technology Evaluation of Standardization Administration of China, and the Fellow of World Innovation Organization. He is one of the National Talents of “Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Talents Project” and was awarded the honorary title of “Young and Middle-aged Experts with Outstanding Contributions”. His research focuses on S&T strategic planning, innovation policy, think-tank theory and method research. He originally proposes the Basic Logical System of Think Tank Research and DIIS theory and methodology in Think Tanks. He has presided more than 50 of major decision-making advising research projects, and has achieved a batch of influential outcomes in terms of major decision making consultations and research theory. Leading authored research reports and policy recommendations, and published academic articles have been accumulated to more than 200, as well as more than 10 co-authored or chief edited monographs.
E-mail:jfpan@casisd.cn
万劲波 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院研究员,中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院教授,北京大学理学博士。中国科学学与科技政策研究会理事、中国科学技术法学会理事、中国软科学研究会理事。主要研究方向为创新发展战略预见与规划、科技创新治理与政策。主持或共同主持完成国家软科学研究计划重大项目,国家“十三五”和2021—2035中长期科技发展规划研究重大课题,国家发展和改革委员会重大问题软科学研究,国家“十三五”“十四五”战略性新兴产业发展规划政策研究,中国科学院学部咨询重大项目研究支撑任务等重点项目10余项。
E-mail:wanjinbo@casisd.cn
WAN Jinbo Professor at the Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASISD) and School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS). He received his Ph.D. from Peking University in 2008. He is also an Executive Member of Chinese Association of Science of Science and S&T Policy Research, China Law Association on Science and Technology, and Chinese Soft Science Society. His research focuses on innovation-driven development strategy foresight and planning, governance and policy of science technology and innovation. As project leader or co-project leader, he has completed more than ten key projects of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), and Academic Divisions of the CAS, namely, key project of the national soft science research plan, planning research on the 13th Five-Year Plan and the Medium- and Long-term Plan (2021–2035) of National Science & Technology Development, policy research on the 13th Five-Year Plan, the 14th Five-Year Plan of the Strategic Emerging Industry Development, etc.
E-mail:wanjinbo@casisd.cn
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