张志强,陈云伟.建设适应经济社会发展趋势的科技创新体系[J].中国科学院院刊,2020,(5):534-544.

建设适应经济社会发展趋势的科技创新体系

Building Scientific and Technological Innovation System of Adaptive to Economic and Social Development Trend
作者
张志强
中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041
ZHANG Zhiqiang
Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
陈云伟
中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041
CHEN Yunwei
Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
中文关键词
         经济;社会;发展趋势;科学技术;科技创新体系;世界;中国
英文关键词
        economy;society;development trend;science and technology;innovation system;world;China
中文摘要
        近20年来世界科技呈现出加速发展态势。随着新一轮科技变革和产业革命不断蓄势,世界已经进入以创新为主题、以创新为主导的新时代,全球科技领域的、国家间的科技创新格局加速调整和重构,而国际经济社会发展大趋势对科技创新格局调整和重塑起到重要驱动作用。在归纳国际经济社会发展大趋势的基础上,基于中国经济由高速增长转向科技引领和创新驱动的高质量发展新阶段的现实,分析讨论了经济社会发展趋势对科技创新发展的关键需求,提出了建设适应经济社会发展大趋势、支撑我国科技强国建设的主要科技创新体系,包括基础科学研究、关键核心技术、“数字中国”与智慧社会先进信息网络、清洁可再生先进能源、绿色智能制造、现代绿色生态可持续高效农业、“健康中国”医疗卫生保障、“美丽中国”人地和谐共生生态环境、深空与深海探测等主要科技创新体系。
英文摘要
        The S&T development has shown an accelerated and superimposed development trend in the 21st century. As the coming of new round of technological changes and the industrial revolution, the world has entered a new era of development with the dominated features of innovation. The global innovation patterns of S&T fields and countries change sharply under the strong driving force of the new demand of global economy. Based on the brief summary of global economic and social development trends, this study discusses the economic and social development trends of China including China's total economic scale, population and aging, digital China and smart society, green ecological and safe agriculture, natural resources and energy, ecological environment, S&T and industry revolution and external competition challenges. The demand for S&T innovations are analyzed and discussed and nine main S&T innovation systems have been put forwarded that adapt to the general trend of economic and social development and support the construction of science and technology power, which including the science and technology innovation systems of basic scientific research, key core technologies, advanced information networks for the Digital China and the smart society, clean and renewable advanced energy, green and intelligent manufacturing, modern green ecological and sustainable and efficient agriculture, medical and health care of the Healthy China, ecology and environment of human-land harmonious coexistence of the Beautiful China, deep space and deep sea exploration, etc.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20200427001
作者简介
张志强 中国科学院成都文献情报中心主任、研究员、博士生导师,中国科学院特聘核心研究员。四川省委省政府第三届决策咨询委员会委员,四川省委新型智库“现代产业与创新发展研究智库”负责人和首席专家。独立或合作出版专编著22部、出版译著13部、发表论文400余篇。获得省部级科技进步奖、社会科学优秀成果奖等科技成果奖励20项。主要研究领域:科技战略与规划、科技政策与管理、情报学理论方法与应用、生态经济学与可持续发展等。
E-mail:zhangzq@clas.ac.cn
ZHANG Zhiqiang Professor, Ph.D., Doctorial Tutor, Director of Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He is a Member of the Third Advisory Committee for Decision-making of Sichuan Province. He has published 22 monographs, 13 translated works, and more than 400 papers independently or jointly, and has won 20 awards for his achievements, such as provincial and ministerial awards for scientific and technological progress and awards for outstanding achievements in social sciences. His major research fields are strategic planning for scientific and technological development, science policy and research management, methods and applications of information analysis, ecological economics and sustainable development.
E-mail:zhangzq@clas.ac.cn
微信关注公众号