樊春良,李东阳,樊天.美国国家科学基金会对融合研究的资助及启示[J].中国科学院院刊,2020,(1):19-26.

美国国家科学基金会对融合研究的资助及启示

US National Science Foundation's Funding for Convergence Research and Its Inspiration
作者
樊春良
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049
FAN Chunliang
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
李东阳
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049
LI Dongyang
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
樊天
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049
FAN Tian
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中文关键词
         融合研究;科学范式;美国国家科学基金会;政策建议
英文关键词
        convergence research;scientific paradigm;National Science Foundation (NSF);policy suggestions
中文摘要
        融合研究是促进科学技术发展的新范式,不仅会促进科学技术取得突破性发展,而且是解决21世纪人类面临宏大挑战的一种重要途径。文章考察了融合研究的内涵和特点,以及美国国家科学基金会(NSF)融合研究的概念;根据NSF十大投入计划和新的战略规划(2018—2022年),指出发展融合研究在NSF中的战略地位;分析NSF支持融合研究的基础和融合项目的特点,并对第一批融合项目的实施作了介绍;总结出NSF支持融合研究可供借鉴的若干结论,并对我国发展融合研究提出若干建议。
英文摘要
        Convergence research is a new paradigm to promote science and technology, which will not only promote scientific breakthroughs, but also address the great challenges that human facing in the 21st century. This study investigates the meaning and characteristics of convergence research and the concept of National Science Foundation (NSF) convergence research. According to the 10 Big Ideas and the new Strategic Plan (2018-2022) of NSF, this paper points out the strategic position of development of convergence research in NSF, analyzes the foundation and characteristics of convergence research projects supported by NSF, and presents the implementation of the first convergence awards. The paper also summarizes some conclusions of NSF's support for convergence research, and puts forwards suggestions for China's development of convergence research.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.20191231001
作者简介
樊春良 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院研究员,中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院岗位教授,博士生导师。中国科学学与科技政策研究会常务理事,科技政策专业委员会主任。长期从事科技政策与管理方面的研究,主要研究方向有:科技政策、科技与社会、国际科技合作。国家中长期科技发展战略研究专家。发表论文50余篇,出版《全球化时代的科技政策》一书(2005年)。
E-mail:fcl@mail.casipm.ac.cn
FAN Chunliang Professor of Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).He received his Doctor's Degree from Peking University.His main research area is Science Policy and he has published more than 40 papers in academic journals.He has also carried out some consulting research projects for Minister of Science and Technology of China,National Natural Science Foundation of China,and CAS.He was visiting scholar at Stanford University (2000.12-2001.12),and visiting scholar at Georgia Institute of Technology (2011.8-2012.2).
E-mail:fcl@mail.casipm.ac.cn
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