全链条科技创新周期初探——以中国科学院物理研究所碳化硅研究为例

Case Study of SiC Research of Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences: On Whole-chain Science and Technology Innovation Cycle
作者
        文 亚 王文军 朱春丽 强振宏
中文关键词
         全链条科技创新,诺贝尔奖,创新周期,碳化硅,案例研究
英文关键词
        whole-chain science and technology innovation, Nobel prize, innovation cycle, SiC, case study
中文摘要
        全链条科技创新涉及科研机构、企业、政府乃至整个社会,目标是形成自主关键核心技术,乃至形成技术标准体系,推动产业的发展。全链条科技创新的能力及效率是衡量创新型社会生态的重要标准,创新周期是重要的表征标准之一。国立研究机构在特定学科领域内布局较全面,涉及基础研究、应用基础研究乃至工程化,是推动全链条科技创新的重要力量。全链条科技创新的后半段是创新成果本身与企业家一起在市场进行推广与估值的过程。为了进一步缩短周期,需要鼓励部分科学家与企业家的合作,并加速各类创新要素在市场上的流动与统筹。文章以国立研究机构的具体案例为视角开展研究探索,以期从整合创新资源、提高创新效率这一角度对全链条科技创新周期有新的认识。
英文摘要
        The whole-chain science and technology innovation involve scientific research institutions, enterprises, governments, and even the whole society. The goal is to produce independent innovations in key and core technologies and to establish systems for technological standards, so as to promote industrial development. The ability and efficiency of the whole-chain science and technology innovation is an important criterion in measuring an innovative social ecology, with the innovation cycle being one of the important criteria for characterization. It shall be an important driving force for the whole-chain science and technology innovation if national research organizations can have a comprehensive layout in a specific field, covering basic research, applied basic research and even engineering. The second half of the whole-chain science and technology innovation is a process in which “innovative achievements” and “entrepreneurs” are jointly engaged in market promotions and evaluations. In order to further shorten the cycle, collaborations of certain scientists and entrepreneurs should be encouraged, the flow and coordination of various innovative resources in the market should be accelerated.
作者简介
文 亚
中国科学院物理研究所党委书记、副所长,研究员;广东省松山湖材料实验室副理事长;西安市政府科技顾问;国家重大科技基础设施“综合极端条件实验装置”常务副总经理。曾主持科学技术部、国家自然科学基金委、中国科协等管理与政策研究项目9项,参与《国家中长期科技规划纲要》相关评估、国家科研基地战略规划、国家重大科技基础设施开放共享研究、国家自然科学基金发展战略研究等工作。
E-mail: ywen@iphy.ac.cn
WEN Ya
Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Vice Chairman of the board of directors of Songshan Lake Materials Lab of Guangdong, Science and Technology Consultant of City Government of Xi’an. Deputy General Manager of Synergetic Extreme Condition User Facility. Manager of 9 research projects sponsored by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (MOST), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), and China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), participated in some polices drafting and program planning of the government.
E-mail: ywen@iphy.ac.cn
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