抗疫情助推我国数字化转型:机遇与挑战

Fight Against COVID-19 Promotes China’s Digital Transformation: Opportunities and Challenges
作者
        吴静 张凤 孙翊 朱永彬 刘昌新
中文关键词
         数字化转型,数字经济,新冠肺炎
英文关键词
        digital transformation, digital economy, COVID-19
中文摘要
        近年来,我国数字经济蓬勃发展,赋能实体经济提质增效,成为经济增长的新动能。在2020年的新冠肺炎疫情中,新一代信息技术在疫情防控、生产生活物资保障、复工复产等各环节得到广泛应用,助力科学防控、精准施控,也为我国经济社会全面数字化转型带来新的机遇。文章聚焦当前疫情影响下我国政府、产业、企业、社会的数字化转型机遇,分析了疫情中数字化转型存在的问题与挑战,提出了加快我国经济社会全面数字化转型的政策建议,具体包括:(1)加快推进政府数字化转型,提高政府治理现代化水平;(2)深化新一代信息技术在垂直细分领域的融合发展,丰富应用场景;(3)推动产业互联网建设,促进各产业数字化水平均衡发展;(4)加强数字化转型中的数据治理,保障数据的高效安全使用。
英文摘要
        In recent years, China has experienced a rapid development in digital economy, which enables the real economy to improve quality and efficiency, and has become a new driving force for economic growth. In the fight against COVID-19 in 2020, the new generation of information technologies iswidely used in all aspects of the epidemic prevention and control, production and living materials supplies, and work resumption, contributing in accurate prevention and control and scientific decision-making. The fight work also provides new opportunities for the comprehensive digital transformation of China’s economy and society in the long run. This study focuses on the opportunities for digital transformation in government, industry, enterprises, and society under the influence of the current epidemic, analyzes the problems and challenges of digital transformation in the epidemic. Finally, aiming to accelerate the comprehensive digital transformation of China’s economy and society, we suggest a number of policy recommendations, including: (1) accelerating the digital transformation of government and improving the modernization level of government governance; (2) deepening the integration and development of next-generation information technology in vertical subdivision fields, and enriching application scenarios; (3) promoting the construction of industrial internet and promoting the balanced digital development in various industries; (4) strengthen data governance in digital transformation to ensure efficient and secure use of data.
作者简介
吴 静
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院政策模拟中心主任、研究员。长期从事数字经济与数字化转型战略研究,以及宏观经济政策模拟与分析工作。先后承担和参与国家重点计划、国家自然科学基金、国家社科基金青年项目、中国科学院战略性先导科技专项、中国科学院知识创新工程等项目课题20余项。发表学术论文40余篇,出版专著或合著8部。
E-mail: wujing@casisd.cn
WU Jing
Professor of the Institutes of Science and Development (ISD), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and Director of the Policy Modeling and Simulation Center of the ISD, CAS. She has long been engaged in the research of digital economy and digital transformation strategies, and the simulation and analysis of macroeconomic policies. She has undertaken and participated in more than 20 research tasks including the National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Social Science Foundation of China, the Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS, the Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, etc. She has published more than 40 papers and 8 monographs.
E-mail: wujing@casisd.cn

张 凤
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院副院长、研究员。主要从事科技发展战略研究、创新政策研究和现代化研究等。参加和承担多项国家高端智库课题、国家社科基金课题、中国科学院战略研究专项等。代表性工作包括参与组织完成“中国至2050年重要领域科技发展路线图研究”,发表《知识创新的原理和路径》《世界现代化指数1950—2010》等文章。
E-mail: fzhang@casisd.cn
ZHANG Feng
Professor, the Deputy Director of the Institutes of Science And Development (ISD), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). Her main research fields include the strategy of S&T, innovation policy and modernization study etc. The research projects come from the Program of China Top Think Tanks, the National Social Science Fund of China, the Strategy Research Program of CAS, etc. The representative include the organization of “Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050”, the articles of The principle and route of knowledge innovation and World modernization indexes 1950 to 2010.
E-mail: fzhang@casisd.cn
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