妥善应对现于新冠肺炎疫情中“心理台风眼效应”的建议

Proposals for Coping with “Psychological Typhoon Eye” Effect Detected in COVID-19
作者
        许明星 郑蕊 饶俪琳 匡仪 杨舒雯 丁阳 李江龙 李纾
中文关键词
         新冠肺炎,心理台风眼效应,涟漪效应,安全担忧,风险知觉
英文关键词
        COVID-19, psychological typhoon eye effect (PTE), ripple effect, safety concerns, risk perception
中文摘要
        “心理台风眼效应”描述了民众在重大突发事件中的非理性恐慌心理和行为,是中国科学院心理研究所李纾及其团队在“5·12”汶川特大地震后发现并命名的现象。在2020年新冠肺炎疫情期间,调查身居5类疫情不同风险地区(极低风险地区、低风险地区、中风险地区、中高风险地区和高风险地区)的人群对于武汉市疫情的安全担忧和风险知觉,又发现了“心理台风眼效应”,即:国外受测者反而比国内受测者对武汉市疫情表现出更多的安全担忧或害怕;随着所处地区风险水平的升高(从极低风险地区到极高风险地区),民众对武汉市疫情的风险知觉反而降低。也就是说,在空间上越接近高风险地点的民众心理越平静,越远离高风险地点的民众反而更对高风险地点的风险感到恐慌。基于“心理台风眼效应”的研究发现,提出4条有针对性的防范建议。
英文摘要
        “Psychological typhoon eye” (PTE) effect describes the public’s irrational panic and response to major emergencies. This phenomenon is reported and named by LI Shu and his colleagues after the Wenchuan earthquake. During the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020, we conducted a worldwide survey to investigate the safety concerns and risk perception of the COVID-19 epidemic from participants staying in five areas of different levels of risk (high-risk, moderate and high-risk, moderate-risk, low-risk, and very low-risk areas). This effect appears to hold for COVID-19. Specifically, participants staying abroad showed more safety concerns or fears of the COVID-19 epidemic than participants staying in China. The people at zero distance were at the center of the PTE and were the most calm. On the basis of the cumulative findings on the PTE, we propose four targeted solutions for individuals and organizations with the power of discourse to improve the quality of risk communication and management.
作者简介
许明星
中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室博士后,福建工程学院副教授。2015年获福州大学管理学博士学位。研究兴趣包括风险知觉、供应链风险、行为供应链。
E-mail: xumx@psych.ac.cn; xumx@fjut.edu.cn
XU Mingxing
Post-doctoral Fellow in CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and Associate Professor of Fujian University of Technology. He received his Ph.D. of Management from Fuzhou University. His research focuses on risk perception, supply chain risk, and behavioral supply chain.
E-mail: xumx@psych.ac.cn; xumx@fjut.edu.cn

李 纾
中国科学院心理研究所暨中国科学院大学心理学系学术委员会主任,《心理学报》主编,中国心理学会会士,中国心理学会决策心理学专业委员会创会主任,第30届国际应用心理学大会(ICAP 2022)学术委员会主任。主要著作有《决策心理:齐当别之道》,并在Psychological Science、Journal of Experimental Psychology: General和《心理学报》等中外期刊发表200余篇学术论文。其研究曾受国家重点基础研究发展规划(“973”计划)、国家社会科学基金重大项目等项目资助,研究成果亦被海内外主要媒体(如《华盛顿邮报》、科学网、新浪网、搜狐网、和讯网等)广泛报道。
E-mail: lishu@psych.ac.cn; s.li@UNSWalumni.com
LI Shu
Chair of Academic Committee of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) & Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Editor-in-Chief of Acta Psychologica Sinica, Founding President of Committee of Psychology in Decision Making, Chinese Psychological Society, and Chair of Scientific Committee of International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP) 2022. His research has been founded by several prestigious foundations such as National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) and the Major Projects of the National Social Science Foundation of China. He published his research both in Chinese and English which has appeared in over five-dozen of journals such as Psychological Science, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, and Acta Psychologica Sinica. He is the author of the academic book ‘An Equate-to-Differentiate Way of Decision-Making’. His research featured in major media outlets such as ScienceNet, Sina, Sohu, Hexun, and The Washington Post.
E-mail: lishu@psych.ac.cn; s.li@UNSWalumni.com
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