抗击疫情凸显社会心理服务体系建设刻不容缓

Urgently Needed Construction of Public Psychological Service System in Emergency Management
作者
        陈雪峰 傅小兰
中文关键词
         公共卫生事件,应急管理,社会心理服务
英文关键词
        public health events, emergency management, public psychological services
中文摘要
        自2019年12月起,快速蔓延的新冠肺炎疫情肆虐中国,威胁着人民生命健康,给我国经济和社会发展带来严重影响。疫情发展和防控成效不仅直接影响个体身心健康,也会影响政府信任、人际信任、风险沟通、经济信心、消费行为、社会心态等社会心理行为。在疫情防控,以及国家应急管理和社会治理中,亟待完善和推进社会心理服务体系建设。建议及时完善应急管理法律法规,将社会心理服务保障体系纳入应急管理体系;建设应急管理社会心理服务专业队伍,引导社会力量规范有序发挥作用;充分发挥网络和信息化技术作用,实现应急管理中社会心理服务需求与资源的精准对接和精细化管理;加强应急管理心理学研究,为完善治理体系、提高治理效能、提升治理能力提供知识积累和科学支撑。
英文摘要
        COVID-19 outbreak not only affects individuals’ physical and mental health, but also influences on the government trust, interpersonal trust, risk communication, economic confidence, consumer behavior, social mentality, and other social psychological behaviors. Accordingly, the construction of public psychological service system is required to be strengthened in the national emergency management system. Our corresponding suggestions are as follows. First, revise the national emergency response law in a timely manner in order to incorporate the public psychological service system into the emergency management system. Second, establish a professional emergency service team consisting of psychological service professionals and guide social organizations to play their roles in an orderly manner. Third, construct an information management system and network platforms to realize the precise docking and the good management of public psychological service demand as well as resources in emergency management. Fourth, support psychological research on the emergency management that provides the knowledge accumulation and the scientific support for perfecting the emergency management system, improve its efficiency and strengthen the emergency management capacity.
作者简介
陈雪峰
中国科学院心理研究所副所长、博士、副研究员,中国心理学会副秘书长,健康中国行动专家咨询委员会委员,全国社会心理服务体系建设试点专家工作组专家。主要研究领域为管理心理学和社会心理学,发表论文数十篇。
E-mail: chenxf@psych.ac.cn
CHEN Xuefeng
Associated Professor, Ph.D., Deputy Director of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Deputy Secretary General of Chinese Psychological Society (CPS). Her research focuses on Management psychology and Social psychology.
E-mail: chenxf@psych.ac.cn

傅小兰
中国科学院心理研究所所长、研究员、博士生导师,中国科学院大学心理学系主任、岗位教授,脑与认知科学国家重点实验室原副主任,中国心理学会原秘书长、原理事长。从事认知心理学及相关应用领域的研究。承担和参与科技项目30余项,发表中、英文论文350余篇,主持或参与制定国家标准9项,获批专利3项,主编《心·坐标:当代心理学大家》《情绪心理学》《说谎心理学》及“电子社会与当代心理学名著译丛”等著作。
E-mail: fuxl@psych.ac.cn
FU Xiaolan
Professor, Doctoral Advisor, and Director of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); Professor and Director of Department of Psychology, the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; former Deputy Director of the State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences; former Secretary-General and President of the Chinese Psychological Society. Her research interests cover cognitive psychology and related application fields. She accomplished more than 30 research projects and has authored more than 350 scholarly articles. She has presided over or participated in the development programs of 9 national standards and has been granted 3 patents. Her more publications also include monographs such as Mind-Coordinate: Psychological Experts in the Contemporary Era, Psychology of Emotion, Psychology of Lying, and Collection of Masterworks Translation on E-society and Contemporary Psychology.
E-mail: fuxl@psych.ac.cn
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