加强我国公共卫生管理的若干建议

Suggestions on Strengthening Public Health Management in China
作者
        赵路
中文关键词
         公共卫生,管理建议,新冠肺炎
英文关键词
        public health, management suggestions, New Coronary Pneumonia (NCP)
中文摘要
        公共卫生是事关人民群众健康的公共事业,提供公共卫生服务、进行公共卫生管理是政府的重要职责。我国政府十分重视公共卫生事业发展,尤其是2003年“非典”疫情后,我国公共卫生服务体系建设不断完善、管理不断加强。但这次突如其来的“新冠肺炎”疫情发生与蔓延,仍然暴露出我国公共卫生管理的一些短板,亟待我们总结经验、深入研究,有针对性地采取措施加以解决。具体建议包括:(1)完善国家安全观;(2)强化法治建设;(3)强化政府治理能力建设;(4)健全信息公开、媒体与互联网管理制度;(5)强化专家的科学精神与职业素养;(6)健全突发公共卫生事件应急管理机制;(7)加强社会组织建设,完善社会力量参与机制;(8)提升公民应对疫情灾情素质;(9)切实把“预防为主”方针落到实处;(10)注重研究突发公共卫生事件期间的经济政策。
英文摘要
        Public health is a public commitment that concerns the health of the people. Providing public health services and conducting public health management are important responsibilities of the government. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the development of public health, especially after the SARS outbreak in 2003, the public health service system in China has been continuously improved and its management has been continuously strengthened. However, this sudden outbreak and spread of "New Coronary Pneumonia (NCP)" still exposes some shortcomings in China's public health management. We urgently need to summarize our experience, conduct in-depth research, and take targeted measures to solve it. Specifically, we suggest as followings. (1) Improve the concept of national security; (2) strengthen the construction of the rule of law; (3) strengthen the construction of government governance capacity; (4) improve the management systems of information disclosure, media, and Internet; (5) strengthen the scientific ethics and professionalism of experts; ( 6) improve the emergency management mechanism for public health emergencies; (7) strengthen the construction of social organizations and improve the participation mechanism of social forces; (8) improve the quality of citizens in responding to epidemics and disasters; (9) practically implement the "prevention-oriented" policy; and (10) focus on economic policies research during public health emergencies.
作者简介
赵路
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院特聘研究员,财政部教科文司原司长。长期从事财政科技教育工作,主要负责财政支持科技教育政策、改革方案、预算管理、规整制度等的研究制定工作。曾参加国家科技教育法律法规、科技教育发展规划、科技教育体制改革方案、科技教育相关政策的研究制定;参加中央部门预算改革方案和事业单位分类改革方案的制定工作;主持事业单位财务规划的制定工作等。主编或合著《政府公共支出绩效考评的理论与实践》《中国R&D理论、方法及应用研究》《西方国家科技管理要览》《公共支出管理》《国外非营利组织研究系列丛书》《事业行政财务管理》等图书。
E-mail: evayizhang@outlook.com

ZHAO Lu
Former Director of the Science and Education Division of the Ministry of Finance. He has been engaged in financial science and technology education for a long time and is mainly responsible for research and formulation of financial support for science and technology education policies, reform programs, budget management, and regulatory systems. He participated in the research and development of national science and technology education laws and regulations, science and technology education development plan, science and technology education system reform plan, and science and technology education related policies; also participated in the formulation of central department budget reform plan and public institution classification reform plan; presided over the formulation of financial planning of institutions work, and so on. He is Editor-in-Chief or co-author of Theory and Practice of Government Public Expenditure Performance Appraisal, China R&D Theory, Methodology and Applied Research, Western Countries Science and Technology Management Guide, Public Expenditure Management, Foreign Nonprofit Organization Research Series, Business Administration, Financial Management, and other books.
E-mail: evayizhang@outlook.com
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